Mai We had to read this play in class, but I question whether that was a sound choice as an example of good American literature. Very often the plot leads the reader astray. One reason is that it is not always marked clearly in the text when Willy leaves reality behind.
Signs and symptoms An lithograph captioned 'Melancholy passing into mania' Both mania and depression are characterized by disruptions in normal moodpsychomotor activity, circadian rhythmand cognition. Mania can present with varying levels of mood disturbance, ranging from euphoria that is associated with "classic mania" to dysphoria and irritability.
The core symptom of mania involves an increase in energy of psychomotor activity. Mania can also present with increased self-esteem or grandiosityrapid speech, the subjective feeling of rapid thoughts, disinhibited social behavior, or impulsivity.
Unlike mania, hypomania is not always associated with impaired functioning. Hypomania may feel good to some persons who experience it, though most people who experience hypomania state that the stress of the experience is very painful.
Even when family and friends recognize mood swingsthe individual will often deny that anything is wrong. Major depressive disorder 'Melancholy' by W. These symptoms include delusions and hallucinations.
A major depressive episode persists for at least two weeks, and may result in suicide if left untreated. Mixed affective state In bipolar disorder, mixed state is a condition during which symptoms of both mania and depression occur simultaneously.
Associated features of bipolar disorder Associated features are clinical phenomena that often accompany the disorder but are not part of the diagnostic criteria. In adults with the condition, bipolar disorder is often accompanied by changes in cognitive processes and abilities.
For bipolar disorder type I, the rate at which identical twins same genes will both have bipolar disorder type I concordance is estimated at around 40 percent, compared to about 5 percent in fraternal twins.
There is overlap with major unipolar depression and if this is also counted in the co-twin the concordance with bipolar disorder rises to 67 percent in identical twins and 19 percent in fraternal twins. Conditions like these and injuries include stroketraumatic brain injuryHIV infectionmultiple sclerosisporphyriaand rarely temporal lobe epilepsy.
Meta-analyses of structural MRI studies in bipolar disorder report decreased volume in the left rostral anterior cingulate cortex ACCfronto-insular cortexventral prefrontal cortex, and claustrum. Increases have been reported in the volume of the lateral ventriclesglobus pallidussubgenual anterior cingulateand amygdala as well as in the rates of deep white matter hyperintensities.
On the other hand, pretreatment hyperactivity in the amygdala is reduced post-treatment but is still increased relative to controls, suggesting that it is a trait marker. During attentional tasks and resting, mania is associated with decreased orbitofrontal cortex activity, while depression is associated with increased resting metabolism.
Consistent with affective disorders due to lesionsmania and depression are lateralized in vPFC dysfunction, with depression primarily being associated with the left vPFC, and mania the right vPFC.
Abnormal vPFC activity, along with amygdala hyperactivity is found during euthymia as well as in healthy relatives of those with bipolar, indicating possible trait features.
There is evidence supporting an association between early-life stress and dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis HPA axis leading to its overactivation, which may play a role in the pathogenesis of bipolar disorder.
This results in decreased dopamine transmission characteristic of the depressive phase. Increased dopaminergic activity has been hypothesized in manic states due to the ability of dopamine agonists to stimulate mania in people with bipolar disorder. Low plasma GABA levels on both sides of the mood spectrum have been found.
VMAT2 binding was found to be increased in one study of people with bipolar mania. In diagnosis, caregiver-scored rating scales, specifically the mother, has been found to be more accurate than teacher and youth report in predicting identifying youths with bipolar disorder.Failure of the American Dream in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is a story about the dark side of the "American Dream".
Willy Loman's obsession with the dream directly causes his failure in life, which, in turn, leads to his eventual suicide. May 14, · Death of a Salesman is on at the Noël Coward Theatre until 18 July. Tickets are £–£ Londonist saw this production on a complimentary ticket.4/5.
A good article (GA) is an article that meets a core set of editorial standards but is not featured article quality.
Good articles meet the good article criteria, passing through the good article nomination process successfully. They are well written, contain factually accurate and verifiable information, are broad in coverage, neutral in point of view, stable, and illustrated, where possible.
Willy Loman: The Tragedy of the American Dream Prosperity, job security, hard work and family union are some of the concepts that involve the American Dream, generally speaking. Some people think this dream is something automatically granted; or in contrast, as in the story “Death of a Salesman” written by Arthur Miller, as something that.
The American Dream in context of Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. Download. The American Dream in context of Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. Death of a Salesman addresses the painful conflicts within one family, but it also tackles bigger issues regarding American national values.
In creating Willy Loman, Miller‟s. The American Film Institute recently published a list of the greatest American films "of all time," though the film industry is scarcely more than a century old.