One of these, called Pan, ruled over nature and pasturelands.
The connection between Pan and Pushan was first identified in by the German scholar Hermann Collitz. Arcadia was a district of mountain people, culturally separated from other Greeks.
Arcadian hunters used to scourge the Pan god of the god if they had been disappointed in the chase. These are often referred to as the Cave of Pan. The only exceptions are the Temple of Pan on the Neda River gorge in the southwestern Peloponnese — the ruins of which survive to this day — and the Temple of Pan at Apollonopolis Magna in ancient Egypt.
Parentage[ edit ] The parentage of Pan is unclear;  generally he is the son of Hermesalthough occasionally in some myths he is the son of Zeusor Dionysuswith whom his mother is said to be a wood nymphsometimes Dryope or, even in the 5th-century AD source Dionysiaca by Nonnus In some early sources such as Pindarhis father is Apollo via Penelopethe wife of Odysseus.
Other sources Duris of Samos ; the Vergilian commentator Servius report that Penelope slept with all suitors in Odysseus' absence, and gave birth to Pan as a result. Like other nature spirits, Pan appears to be older than the Olympiansif it is true that he gave Artemis her hunting dogs and taught the secret of prophecy to Apollo.
According to some traditions, Aegipan was the son Pan god Pan, rather than his father. Nymphs[ edit ] One of the famous myths of Pan involves the origin of his pan flutefashioned from lengths of hollow reed. Syrinx was a lovely wood- nymph of Arcadia, daughter of Landon, the river-god. As she was returning from the hunt one day, Pan met her.
To escape from his importunities, the fair nymph ran away and didn't stop to hear his compliments. He pursued from Mount Lycaeum until she came to her sisters who immediately changed her into a reed. When the air blew through the reeds, it produced a plaintive melody. The god, still infatuated, took some of the reeds, because he could not identify which reed she became, and cut seven pieces or according to some versions, ninejoined them side by side in gradually decreasing lengths, and formed the musical instrument bearing the name of his beloved Syrinx.
Henceforth Pan was seldom seen without it. Echo was a nymph who was a great singer and dancer and scorned the love of any man.
This angered Pan, a lecherous god, and he instructed his followers to kill her. Echo was torn to pieces and spread all over earth.
The goddess of the earth, Gaiareceived the pieces of Echo, whose voice remains repeating the last words of others. In some versions, Echo and Pan had two children: In other versions, Pan had fallen in love with Echo, but she scorned the love of any man but was enraptured by Narcissus.
As Echo was cursed by Hera to only be able to repeat words that had been said by someone else, she could not speak for herself. She followed Narcissus to a pool, where he fell in love with his own reflection and changed into a narcissus flower. Echo wasted away, but her voice could still be heard in caves and other such similar places.
Pan also loved a nymph named Pityswho was turned into a pine tree to escape him.
Panic[ edit ] Disturbed in his secluded afternoon naps, Pan's angry shout inspired panic panikon deima in lonely places. Pan is famous for his sexual powers, and is often depicted with a phallus.
Diogenes of Sinopespeaking in jest, related a myth of Pan learning masturbation from his father, Hermesand teaching the habit to shepherds. He accomplished this by wrapping himself in a sheepskin  to hide his hairy black goat form, and drew her down from the sky into the forest where he seduced her.
Music[ edit ] "Sweet, piercing sweet was the music of Pan's pipe" reads the caption on this depiction of Pan by Walter Crane In two late Roman sources, Hyginus  and Ovid Pan is substituted for the satyr Marsyas in the theme of a musical competition agonand the punishment by flaying is omitted.
Pan once had the audacity to compare his music with that of Apolloand to challenge Apollo, the god of the lyreto a trial of skill. Tmolusthe mountain-god, was chosen to umpire. Pan blew on his pipes and gave great satisfaction with his rustic melody to himself and to his faithful follower, Midaswho happened to be present.
Then Apollo struck the strings of his lyre. Tmolus at once awarded the victory to Apollo, and all but Midas agreed with the judgment. Midas dissented and questioned the justice of the award.Pan, in Greek mythology, a fertility deity, more or less bestial in form.
He was associated by the Romans with Faunus. Originally an Arcadian deity, his name is a Doric contraction of paon (“pasturer”) but was commonly supposed in antiquity to be connected with pan (“all”). Find great deals on eBay for pan god.
Shop with confidence. Pan, Greco-Roman mosaic from Daphne C2nd-3rd A.D., Hatay Archaeology Museum PAN was the god of shepherds and hunters, and of the meadows and forests of the mountain wilds.
Pan has always been among the most popular of the ancient Greek gods, and the god-form that usually springs to mind when people talk about The Horned God, but that’s been a mixed blessing. Pan could be multiplied into a swarm of Pans, and even be given individual names, as in Nonnus' Dionysiaca, where the god Pan had twelve sons that helped Dionysus in his war against the Indians.
Their names were Kelaineus, Argennon, Aigikoros, Eugeneios, Omester, Daphoenus, Phobos, Philamnos, Xanthos, Glaukos, Argos, and Phorbas. The Great God Pan invocations, mythology and correspondences. Pan is the spirit of wild, irrepressible life essence. He is a Great God of tremendous power, the Lord of fertility, wild nature, ecstatic music, wild goats, shepherds, flocks and hunters.