What research supports setting these ridiculous demands? How will they help my children in any way, now or in the future? The expectations for reading achievement by the end of kindergarten have jumped up two levels in a couple of years.
High-stakes testing, fear of litigation, budget crunches, and just plain ignorance have coalesced into a toxic mix that is reducing and eliminating recess for children, from kindergarten through high school.
At the same time, a wealth of research has established the benefits of recess for academic achievement, physical development, and social competence. I draw on her important work.
How recess is disappearing. Recess cuts disproportionately fall on minority and poor students. These disparities are made worse when teachers and principals use recess-deprivation as a punishment.
Despite clear statements from the American Academy of Pediatrics that recess should never be taken away as a punishment, surveys indicate that poor and African-American boys are particularly likely to be deprived of recess in this way.
Why recess is crucial. When schools make time for recess, academic achievement increases. Another study found higher scores on literacy tests and more class participation after recess breaks. Thus, the idea that recess should be curtailed or eliminated in order to devote more time to instruction and test prep is self-defeating.
International comparisons drive home this point. Brain research suggests that these countries are on to something.
The brain requires frequent down time to process information and regain attentional focus. Recess also is an important arena for learning and practicing social skills.
This unstructured by adults time is not just kids running around aimlessly. A Stanford University study found that in schools with Playworks-organized recess, there were fewer instances of bullyingmore vigorous physical activity, and smoother transitions from recess into the classroom, as compared to control group schools.
Finally, and not surprisingly, recess helps children become more physically active. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation reviewed research on physical activity in different settings and concluded that opportunities for physical activity are higher during recess than at any other times of the day, including school-based physical education and after school.
In fact, another study found that on days when children did not have recess or PE, their after school activity level went down. Children do not compensate for the lack of in-school physical activity; instead, as Prof. Overall, more than one-third of all U. With the CDC recommending that children have a minimum of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical exercise daily, cutting recess is exactly the wrong way to go.
What can we do? First, because states and local school boards set recess policy, parents and concerned citizens need to become better informed.
We all can help disseminate research findings on the benefits of recess. We can encourage teachers, principals, and other educational staff to adopt alternatives to recess deprivation as a way to discipline children. We can lobby for recess as a fundamental educational right for every child.This article focuses on the 50 most influential scientists alive today and their profound contributions to science.
These are scientists who have invented the Internet and fiber optics, challenged AIDS and cancer, developed new drugs, and in general made crucial advances in medicine, genetics, astronomy, ecology, physics, and computer programming. Today, however, things are much different.
Childhood, much like the panda bear and mountain gorilla, has nearly disappeared. It seems to be endangered and on the verge of extinction.
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Kaufman, Sherelyn R.
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This book makes a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary argument for investing in effective early childhood education programs. June , Volume 03 #2: Endangered Childhood Download the article: Endangered Childhood We look at children today and although we see many positive qualities and wonderful children, we all see changes which raise serious concerns about the plight of children today.
The spirit of childhood could become the next item on the world’s endangered list, according to a report released by OREO, a popular American cookie brand, and YouGov.
Their Name Is Today takes on technology, standardized testing, overstimulation, academic pressure, marketing to children, over-diagnosis and much more, calling on everyone who loves children to combat these threats to childhood and find creative ways to help children flourish.
Every parent, teacher, and childcare provider has the power to make.