Handwriting - Level 4 Price:
Download Now Suggested Fine Motor Exercises The following activities will help your students develop the muscles in their hands that are necessary to grasp a pencil properly.
These activities can be embedded into your academic curriculum throughout the day or during center time. Provide child safe tweezers or tongs and encourage children to pick up small marshmallows or pom-poms and place in empty ice cube trays for counting games. Provide spring loaded clothespins and encourage children to clip clothes or pictures on a line.
Provide small child-sized paper punches that make different shapes. Provide Cheerios, Fruit Loops, or macaroni and encourage children to lace them on string or yarn. Spread cards, coins, or buttons on the floor and encourage students to turn them over.
Provide a manual eggbeater and a pan of water- add dishsoap for extra fun. Mix food coloring and water and use eyedroppers to decorate flattened coffee filters. Insert feathers or golf tees into play dough.
Play with finger puppets. Sing chants and fingerplays that encourage the use of the fingers such as 5 Little Pumpkins, 5 Green and Speckled Frogs etc.
Provide small pieces of chalk or broken crayons for children to write or draw with. Provide old greeting cards for students to cut, the thick paper provides the resistance they need to be more successful. Spread cornmeal in a shallow pie pan and encourage students to use their fingers to draw in it.
Place clear hair gel and food coloring in a sandwich bag. Force all the air out of the bag and seal tightly with packing tape or duct tape.
Place the bag on a flat surface and encourage children to use their index fingers to write on the bag. Pencil Grasp The manner in which a child holds a pencil is called a pencil grasp. Pictured above is a child using the correct tripod grasp. This grasp requires the thumb, index, and middle fingers to work together and is also referred to as the pincer grasp.
When using a tripod grasp the child should move his fingers with the writing utensil and not use his entire arm. The tripod grasp is considered to be the most efficient because it allows the greatest amount of finger movement and thus control over the writing tool; it is the least fatiguing method for the muscles in the arm and hand.
Many young children hold their writing tools in a closed fist grasp. When using this grasp the child moves the writing tool by moving his shoulder and entire arm. The improper fist grasp requires extra effort thus causing fatigue in the arm and hand. A child who uses a closed fist grasp will tire easily and struggle with the task of writing.
When you see your students holding their pencils and crayons in a fist grasp it indicates that they are lacking fine motor skills.
Instead of forcing them into a tripod grasp, intentionally embed fine motor development opportunities into your daily routine so they can further develop the muscles in their hands. Dominant Hand Many children will have already selected hand dominance by the age of 2 or 3 if they have been given ample opportunities for fine motor development at home.
However, you may see a disproportionate amount of students who do not have hand dominance in preschool if you work with at-risk populations. If you have students in your classroom who have not yet selected hand dominance it is crucial that you provide them with plenty of fine motor exercises in the classroom.
The more they exercise their fine motor skills the more quickly hand dominance will emerge. Proper Letter Formation When we refer to proper letter formation we are referring to starting letter strokes at the top of the paper.
All letters should start at the top and go down. The reason for this is because it is much easier to roll a boulder down a hill than it is to push it up, in other words, it is easier to write when you start at the top.
When you write from the top down you can write more quickly than starting from the bottom up.
Research has shown that students in later grades with incorrect letter formation take twice as long to finish assignments and tests that require writing. Also, since it requires more effort to constantly push the pencil upwards their muscles become fatigued, slowing them down even further.
This also attributes to negative attitudes towards writing. Stroke directionality develops from consistent teacher modeling. When working with young children proper stroke formation can be addressed during the following times:Our kindergarten writing worksheets offer both cursive and print letters.
Writing the alphabet takes some motor skills. It is important for kindergarten students to develop this skill early so that they can master writing the alphabet. Letter D Worksheets: Alphabet D sound handwriting worksheets for kids including consonent sounds, short vowel sounds and long vowel sounds for preschool and kindergarden.
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Free Handwriting Practice Worksheets. Welcome to benjaminpohle.com, where you'll find a variety of free printable handwriting worksheets for home and school use.
Use these free handwriting worksheets to help your child improve their fine motor skills and letter formation.