The Problem of Political Obligation When you have an obligation to do something, that obligation is not an absolute moral claim on your actions. If you have an obligation or duty to do something, that is a very good reason for acting in a particular way, but not a conclusive reason for doing so. I now have an obligation to go to lunch at the agreed upon time and location. But if on my way to lunch I come across a child drowning in a pond, my obligation does not mean that I ought to let the child die and continue to lunch.
But the existence of large and heterogeneous societies raises conceptual problems for such a descriptive definition, since there may not be any such society-wide code that is regarded as most important. This is strikingly illustrated by the fact that both C.
But according to the taxonomy at the heart of this entry, all of these are versions of the descriptive sense, distinguished primarily by the size of the relevant group. Etiquette is sometimes included as a part of morality, applying to norms that are considered less serious than the kinds of norms for behavior that are more central to morality.
When etiquette is included as part of morality, morality is almost always being understood in the descriptive sense. One reason for this is that it is clear that the rules of etiquette are relative to a society or group.
Law is distinguished from morality by having explicit written rules, penalties, and officials who interpret the laws and apply the penalties. Although there is often considerable overlap in the conduct governed by morality and that governed by law, laws are often evaluated—and changed—on moral grounds.
Some theorists, including Ronald Dworkinhave even maintained that the interpretation of law must make use of morality. Although the morality of a group or society may derive from its religion, morality and religion are not the same thing, even in that case.
Morality is only a guide to conduct, whereas religion is always more than this. For example, religion includes stories about events in the past, usually about supernatural beings, that are used to explain or justify the behavior that it prohibits or requires.
Although there is often a considerable overlap in the conduct prohibited or required by religion and that prohibited or required by morality, religions may prohibit or require more than is prohibited or required by guides to behavior that are explicitly labeled as moral guides, and may allow some behavior that is prohibited by morality.
Even when morality is not regarded as the code of conduct that is put forward by a formal religion, it is often thought to require some religious explanation and justification.
However, just as with law, some religious practices and precepts are criticized on moral grounds, e. It is also being used in the descriptive sense when it refers to important attitudes of individuals. Just as one can refer to the morality of the Greeks, so one can refer to the morality of a particular person.
In the 20th century R. Hare, in his earlier books, regarded moral judgments as those judgments that override all nonmoral judgments and that would be universalized by the person making the judgment. This account of moral judgments naturally leads to a view of morality as being concerned with behavior that a person regards as most important and as a guide to conduct that he wants everyone to adopt.
Guides to behavior that are regarded as moralities normally involve avoiding and preventing harm to others Frankenaand perhaps some norm of honesty Strawson But all of them involve other matters as well. This view of morality as concerning that which is most important to a person or group allows matters related to religious practices and precepts, or matters related to customs and traditions, e.
A society might have a moral code according to which practices as necessary for purity or sanctity are more important than practices related to whether other persons are harmed.
A society may take as morally most important that certain rituals are performed or that certain sexual practices are prohibited, than that harms are avoided or prevented. Some societies may claim that their morality, which is more concerned with purity and sanctity, is based on the commands of God.
Moreover, most normative accounts entail that all moral agents would endorse morality, at least under certain circumstances. And most accounts of moral agency at work in such accounts do not include any negative attitudes toward harmless consensual sexual behavior.What are legal and moral responsibilities of a teacher?
Update Cancel. There are various legal and moral responsibilities of a teacher which includes as follows: o Not to influence students over any political party.
What does it mean to be morally responsible?
Moral responsibility does not necessarily equate to legal responsibility. A person is legally responsible for an event when a legal system is liable to penalise that person for that event. A person is legally responsible for an event when a legal system is liable to penalise that person for that event.
Being a morally responsible teacher in a social and political democracy means being aware of what is going on in the world at the time. It also means being able to see when a student is having trouble outside of class that is causing him/her to .
Being a morally responsible teacher in a social and political democracy means being conscious of what is happening in the world at the time. It also means that the teacher is able to see when a child has a problem outside the class, and that problem is causing the student not to focus in class.
Accepts the question, "What does it mean to be a morally responsible teacher in a social and political democracy?," as integral to a basic charge of our profession . the care and nurturing of the young.
Philosophy Unit 5. Free will and determinism. STUDY. PLAY. -we are not morally responsible since we're not free-have no problem with mental illness go, shouldn't be held responsible for killing if one is insane or mentally disabled.
-Human freedom is closely tied to social and political freedom. Compatibilism-determinism might be true.