Background[ edit ] Boeing had been studying short-haul jet aircraft designs, and wanted to produce another aircraft to supplement the on short and thin routes. Boeing was far behind its competitors when the was launched; rival aircraft BACDouglas DC-9and Fokker F28 were already into flight certification.
Boeing in In MarchWilliam E. Boeing, who studied at Yale Universityworked initially in the timber industry, where he became wealthy and learned about wooden structures.
This knowledge proved invaluable in his subsequent design and assembly of airplanes. The company stayed in Seattle to take advantage of the local supply of spruce wood. Navy engineer, took its maiden flight on June 15, Boeing bought a Glenn Martin "Flying Birdcage" seaplane so called because of all the guy-wires holding it together and was taught to fly by Glenn Martin himself.
Boeing soon crashed the Birdcage and when Martin informed Boeing that replacement parts would not become available for months, Boeing realized he could build his own plane in that amount of time. He and his friend Cdr. On May 9,the company became the "Boeing Airplane Company".
Navy needed seaplanes for training. The Navy liked the Model C and ordered 50 more. When World War I ended ina large surplus of cheap, used military planes flooded the commercial airplane market, preventing aircraft companies from selling any new airplanes, driving many out of business.
Others, including Boeing, started selling other products.
Boeing built dressers, counters, and furniture, along with flat-bottom boats called Sea Sleds. It accommodated one pilot and two passengers and some mail.
Over the course of eight years, it made international airmail flights from Seattle to Victoria, British Columbia. It was the first plane to fly over Mount Rainier. Although Curtiss finished its design first and was awarded the contract, Boeing continued to develop its PW-9 fighter. InBoeing built its Model 40 mail plane for the U.
Inan improved version of this plane was built, the Model 40A which won the U. The 40A also had a passenger cabin that accommodated two.
The first airmail flight for the airline was on July 1, United Aircraft then purchased National Air Transport in On July 27,the passenger Boeing 80 biplane made its first flight. An upgraded version, the 80A, carrying eighteen passengers, made its first flight in September Built entirely out of metal, it was very fast and aerodynamic, and had retractable landing gear.
In fact, its design was so revolutionary that the engines and propellers of the time could not handle the plane.
By the time controllable pitch propellers were developed, Boeing was building its Model airliner. Two Monomails were built. The second one, the Modelhad a 6-passenger cabin.
The was an all-metal low-wing monoplane that was much faster, safer, and easier to fly than other passenger aircraft. For example, it was the first twin engine passenger aircraft that could fly on one engine.
In an era of unreliable engines, this vastly improved flight safety. This badly hurt competing airlines, and was typical of the anti-competitive corporate behavior that the U.
The Air Mail Act of prohibited airlines and manufacturers from being under the same corporate umbrella, so the company split into three smaller companies — Boeing Airplane Company, United Airlinesand United Aircraft Corporationthe precursor to United Technologies. As a result, William Boeing sold off his shares and left Boeing.
Boeing B assembly line in Wichita, KansasBoeing Stratocruiser Shortly after, an agreement with Pan American World Airways Pan Am was reached, to develop and build a commercial flying boat able to carry passengers on transoceanic routes.
The first flight of the Boeing Clipper was in June It was the largest civil aircraft of its time, with a capacity of 90 passengers on day flights, and of 40 passengers on night flights.
One year later, the first regular passenger service from the U.The latest travel information, deals, guides and reviews from USA TODAY Travel.
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The latest travel information, deals, guides and reviews from USA TODAY Travel. On Monday, Airbus and Bombardier announced that the two airplane makers would join forces on the next-generation C Series airliner. The deal sees Airbus acquiring a % equity stake in.
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The Boeing is a short- to medium-range twinjet narrow-body airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States. Originally developed as a shorter, lower-cost twin-engine airliner derived from the and , the has developed into a family of thirteen passenger models with capacities from 85 to passengers..
The is Boeing's only narrow-body.