His childhood and adolescence, from what little is known about these periods of his life, appear to have been typical for the time.
He was the third of four children. He was named after a recently deceased paternal uncle, David Thoreau, but since everyone always called him Henry, he eventually changed his name to Henry David, although he never petitioned to make a legal name change. Henry's father was a businessman and active in the Concord Fire Society.
His mother spent her time raising Henry and his three siblings, Helen, John and Sophia.
Henry's older siblings, Helen and John, Jr. When it was decided that their brother should go to Harvard, as had his grandfather before him, they contributed from their teaching salaries to help pay his expenses. While at college, Thoreau studied Latin and Greek grammar and composition, and took classes in a wide variety of subjects, including mathematics, English, history, philosophy, and four different modern languages.
During his Harvard years he was exposed to the writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson, who later became his chief mentor and friend. After graduating in and into the early s Thoreau was occupied as a schoolteacher and tutor.
A canoe trip in convinced him that he should not persue a schoolteacher's career but should instead aim to become established as a poet of nature. In he was invited to live in the Emerson household, where he remained intermittently until He served as handyman and assistant to Emerson, helping to edit and contributing poetry and prose to the transcendentalist magazine, The Dial.
He stayed there for two years, two months and two days, sometimes traveling into Concord for supplies and eating with his family about once a week. Friends and family also visited him at his cabin, where he spent nearly every night. While at Walden, Thoreau did an incredible amount of reading and writing, and also spent much time sauntering in nature.
In Julywhen Thoreau went into town to have a pair of shoes repaired, he was arrested for refusing to pay a poll tax meant to support America's war in Mexico. He spent a night in jail. His most famous essay, Civil Disobedience publishedwhich in its call for passive resistance to unjust laws was to inspire Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.
The journal he kept at Walden became the source of his most famous book, Walden, Or Life in the Woodsin which he set forth his ideas on how an individual should best live to be attuned to his own nature as well as to nature itself.
Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, After that, he resided again in Emerson's house —49 and then for the rest of his life in his family home. He occasionally worked at the pencil factory and did some surveying work.Essay about Biography of Henry David Thoreau - Biography of Henry David Thoreau Henry David Thoreau was born July 12, He was born in Concord, Massachusetts.
He lived a wonderful life as a poet and essayist.
Its sad to say that he pasted away on May 6, in Concord. The first year of his life his family moved away, but also . Major essays by Henry D. Thoreau: A Walk to Wachusett» An essay about a journey Thoreau took with Richard Fuller, from Concord to the summit of Mount Wachusett located in Princeton, Massachusetts.
Biography of Henry David Thoreau Henry David Thoreau was born July 12, He was born in Concord, Massachusetts. He lived a wonderful life as a poet and essayist. Its sad to say that he pasted away on May 6, in Concord.
The first year of his life .
Watch video · Henry David Thoreau was born on July 12, , in Concord, Massachusetts. He began writing nature poetry in the s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and benjaminpohle.com: Jul 12, Henry David Thoreau, (born July 12, , Concord, Massachusetts, U.S.—died May 6, , Concord), American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher, renowned for having lived the doctrines of Transcendentalism as recorded in his masterwork, Walden (), and for having been a vigorous advocate of civil liberties, as evidenced in the essay .
Watch video · Henry David Thoreau was born on July 12, , in Concord, Massachusetts. He began writing nature poetry in the s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and benjaminpohle.com: Jul 12,