Greek phalanx formation based on sources from the Perseus Project On the fifth day after the Persian arrival at Thermopylae and the first day of the battle, Xerxes finally resolved to attack the Greeks. After that, Xerxes sent a force of 10, Medes and Cissians to take the defenders prisoner and bring them before him. However, he does not say who those men were. Anopaea behind the cliffs that flanked the pass.
A small force led by King Leonidas of Sparta blocked the only road through which the massive army of Xerxes I could pass. After three days of battle, a local resident named Ephialtes betrayed the Greeks by revealing a mountain path that led behind the Greek lines.
Dismissing the rest of the army, King Leonidas stayed behind with Spartans and Thespian volunteers Number vary. The Persians succeeded in taking the pass but sustained heavy losses, extremely disproportionate to those of the Greeks. The fierce resistance of the Spartan-led army offered Athens the invaluable time to prepare for a decisive naval battle that would come to determine the outcome of the war.
The Spartans assembled at full strength and led a pan-Greek army that defeated the Persians decisively at the Battle of Plataea, ending the Greco-Persian War and with it the expansion of the Persian Empire into Western Europe. The sacrifice of the Spartans and the Thespians has captured the minds of many throughout the ages and has given birth many cultural references as a result.
The geopolitical origins of the battle actually predate Xerxes I, as it was his father, Darius the Great, who initially sent heralds to all Greek cities offering blandishments if they would submit to Persian authority.
As was customary, this was signaled by asking for "earth and water", betokening their submission, which was duly kept by the assiduous bureaucrats of the Persian Empire.
Many of the Greek states submitted, including the Argives, the sworn enemies of Sparta. The Athenians declined to adhere to their initial agreement, undertaken in BC as the command in BC from the Great King Darius, through his brother the Satrap of Ionia Artaphernes, was to reinstate Hippias the tyrant, which the newly democratic Athenians were loath to do.Free Essay: The Battle of Thermopylae of BC, an alliance of Greek city-states fought the invading Persian Empire at the pass of Thermopylae in central.
The Battle of Thermopylae is a battle in September BC during the Greek-Persian war ( — BC).
It took place in a narrow gorge, called Thermopylae, where a group of Spartan hoplites died heroically, blocking a way to the Persian army of the tsar Xerxes I. The battle of Thermopylae was the Greek’s first stand against the massive army of King Xerxes, and was the most influential battle of the entire war.
Up to this point, the Persian army was seen as too massive and powerful to be stopped. The once warring city-states of Greece knew they couldn’t.
Battle of Thermopylae The rise of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC is shrouded in mist of antiquity. It sprang in the region encompassing present day southern Iran and Iraq. Battle of thermopylae Essay What Was Thermopylae and What Was the Battle at Thermopylae?: Thermopylae (lit.
"hot gates") was a pass the Greeks tried to defend in battle against the Persian forces led by Xerxes, in B.C. The Greeks (Spartans and. Battle of the Spartans Essay.
Battle of the Last Spartans (Battle of Thermopylae thər-mop-i-lee[->0]) The battle was fought around August 7th or September 8th, in the year of B.C.