Introduction To many, leaders are not born, but made. It is increasingly accepted, however, that in order to be a good leader, one must have the experience, knowledge, commitment, patience, and most importantly the skill to negotiate and work with others to achieve goals. Good leaders are thus made, not born. He stated that the basis of a good leadership is strong character and selfless devotion to an organization Jenkins,
So are leaders born or made? Early theories tend to focus upon the characteristics and behaviours of successful leaders, whereas the later theories consider the role of followers and the contextual nature of leadership.
Overview of leadership theories 1 The Great Man theory - this was based on the belief that leaders are exceptional people, born with leadership qualities and are destined to lead.
This theory reflects the male-oriented view of leadership which has pre-dominated until the late 20th century. Their different patterns of behaviour are observed and categorised as leadership styles. It focuses on the perceived mutual benefits derived from that relationship whereby the leader dispenses favours in the form of tangible and intangible rewards in return for the commitment, loyalty or [at least] compliance of his or her followers.
It is a practical philosophy which supports people who choose to serve first, and then lead as a way of expanding service to individuals and institutions. It encourages collaboration, trust, foresight, listening, and the ethical use of power and empowerment.
Individuals at all levels in the organisation and in all roles can exert leadership influence over their colleagues and thus influence the overall leadership of the organisation. Resources For more detailed information see this:Leadership theories have evolved from “Great Man” and “Trait” theories to “Transformational” leadership.
Early theories tend to focus upon the characteristics and behaviours of successful leaders, whereas the later theories consider the role of followers and the contextual nature of leadership.
Behavioural Theories ('s - 's) In reaction to the trait leadership theory, the behavioural theories are offering a new perspective, one that focuses on the behaviours of the leaders as opposed to their mental, physical or social characteristics. APPLYING LEADERSHIP THEORIES ESSAY 2 Leadership is defined as the process of achieving organizational goals through positive human relations among a leader and his followers (Kamal Mujani et al., ).
School organizations have been adopting different types of leadership theories. There are several leadership theories that have been researched and defined dating back to the ’s%(1).
|Applying Leadership Theories - Research Paper Example||Transactional leaders have formal authority and positions of responsibility in an organization.|
Transformational leadership is only one style of management, but it has the potential to empower your workforce to do more than you thought possible. Behavioural theories of leadership are based on the belief that great leaders are made, not born. This leadership theory focuses on the actions of leaders not on intellectual qualities or internal states.
According to the behavioural theory, people can learn to become leaders through training and observation. Naylor () notes that interest in the behaviour of leaders has been stimulated by a . To begin our exploration of leadership theories, let’s start with one of the most researched and referenced today, transformational leadership.
Learn more about our new Online M.S. in Values-Driven Leadership Program, where you’ll find new ways to apply leadership theory.