Nikol Pashinyan Image copyright Getty Images Opposition leader Nikol Pashinyan was elected as prime minister by parliament in May after he spearheaded weeks of mass protests against the ruling party, transforming the country's political landscape. He had piled pressure on the ruling Republican Party through an unprecedented campaign of civil disobedience, leading to the shock resignation of veteran leader Serzh Sargsyan, a week after he shifted to the newly-empowered role of prime minister after serving for 10 years as president.
See Article History Alternative Titles: To the north and east Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan, while its neighbours to the southeast and west are, respectively, Iran and Turkey.
The capital is Yerevan Erevan. Ancient Armenia was subjected to constant foreign incursions, finally losing its autonomy in the 14th century ce.
The centuries-long rule of Ottoman and Persian conquerors imperiled the very existence of the Armenian people. Eastern Armenia was annexed by Russia during the 19th century, while western Armenia remained under Ottoman rule, and in —96 and the Ottoman government perpetrated systematic massacres and forced deportations of Armenians.
The portion of Armenia lying within the former Russian Empire declared independence on May 28,but in it was invaded by forces from Turkey and Soviet Russia. The Soviet Republic of Armenia was established on November 29, ; in Armenia became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic; and in this republic was dissolved and Armenia became a constituent union republic of the Soviet Union.
Armenia declared sovereignty on August 23,and independence on September 23, The status of Nagorno-Karabakhan enclave of 1, square miles 4, square km in southwestern Azerbaijan populated primarily by Armenians, was from the source of bitter conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
By the mids Karabakh Armenian forces occupied much of southwestern Azerbaijan, but the conflict had caused an economic crisis in Armenia.
Armenia is a mountainous country characterized by a great variety of scenery and geologic instability. The average altitude is 5, feet 1, metres above sea level. There are no lowlands: The northwestern part of the Armenian Highland—containing Mount Aragats Alaghezthe highest peak 13, feet, or 4, metres in the country—is a combination of lofty mountain ranges, deep river valleys, and lava plateaus dotted with extinct volcanoes.
Elevated volcanic plateaus Lory, Shirak, and otherscut by deep river valleys, lie amid these ranges. In the eastern part of Armenia, the Sevan Basin, containing Lake Sevan square miles and hemmed in by ranges soaring as high as 11, feet, lies at an altitude of about 6, feet.
In the southwest, a large depression—the Ararat Plain —lies at the foot of Mount Aragats and the Geghama Range; the Aras River cuts this important plain into halves, the northern half lying in Armenia and the southern in Turkey and Iran.
Armenia is subject to damaging earthquakes. About 25, people were killed. Drainage Of the total precipitation, some two-thirds is evaporated, and one-third percolates into the rocks, notably the volcanic rocks, which are porous and fissured.
The many rivers in Armenia are short and turbulent with numerous rapids and waterfalls. The water level is highest when the snow melts in the spring and during the autumn rains.
As a result of considerable difference in altitude along their length, some rivers have great hydroelectric potential. Most of the rivers fall into the drainage area of the Aras itself a tributary of the Kura River of the Caspian Basinwhich, for miles kilometresforms a natural boundary between Armenia and Turkey and Iran.
Lake Sevanwith a capacity in excess of 9 cubic miles 39 cubic kilometres of water, is fed by dozens of rivers, but only the Hrazdan leaves its confines.
Armenia, country of Transcaucasia, lying just south of the great mountain range of the Caucasus and fronting the northwestern extremity of Asia. To the north and east Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan, while its neighbours to the southeast and west are, respectively, Iran and Turkey. Apr 02, · Check Long Version: benjaminpohle.com Armenia through the eyes of a traveler. Travel overview of a small country with wide choices. Initiated and filmed by. After independence from the Soviet Union in , Armenia quickly became drawn into a bloody conflict with Azerbaijan over the mainly Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Armenia is rich in springs and wells, some of which possess medicinal properties. Soils More than 15 soil types occur in Armenia, including light brown alluvial soils found in the Aras River plain and the Ararat Plain, poor in humus but still intensively cultivated; rich brown soils, found at higher elevations in the hill country; and chernozem black earth soils, which cover much of the higher steppe region.
The labour required to clear the surface stones and debris from the soil, however, has made farming in Armenia difficult. Regional climatic variation is nevertheless considerable. Intense sunshine occurs on many days of the year.
Invasions of Arctic air sometimes cause the temperature to drop sharply: Winter is particularly inclement on the elevated, windswept plateaus.
Autumn—long, mild, and sunny—is the most pleasant season. The ranges of the Lesser Caucasus prevent humid air masses from reaching the inner regions of Armenia.
On the mountain slopes, at elevations from 4, to 6, feet, yearly rainfall approaches 32 inches millimetreswhile the sheltered inland hollows and plains receive only 8 to 16 inches of rainfall a year.Armenia, country of Transcaucasia, lying just south of the great mountain range of the Caucasus and fronting the northwestern extremity of Asia.
To the north and east Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan, while its neighbours to the southeast and west are, respectively, Iran and Turkey. Apr 02, · Check Long Version: benjaminpohle.com Armenia through the eyes of a traveler. Travel overview of a small country with wide choices.
Initiated and filmed by. After independence from the Soviet Union in , Armenia quickly became drawn into a bloody conflict with Azerbaijan over the mainly Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh region. Armenia, situated along the route of the Great Silk Road, is a landlocked country of rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, located in the southern Caucasus, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.
Armenia’s growth outlook generally remains positive. Prudent macroeconomic policies, the low inflation environment, and favorable terms of trade will continue to support growth. Growth is expected to moderate to around % in , reflecting the base effect and .
Country overview – overall update on the economic situation Armenia is a small, landlocked, lower-middle income country with a population of about 3 million, a large diaspora population of around 7 million, and an average GDP per capita of USD 3 (World Bank, ).
The country’s economy has been traditionally driven by the.