Religion and Eighteenth-Century Revivalism by John Demos American colonial history belongs to what scholars call the early modern period.
History of the United States The colonial heritage The first English attempt to establish a colony in what is now the United States took place in But this attempt at colonization failed. Ina small band of about English colonists reached the coast near Chesapeake Bay.
They founded Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America. During the next years, a steady stream of colonists went to America and settled near the coast.
The earliest colonists faced great hardship and danger. They suffered from lack of food and from disease, and they were sometimes attacked by Indians. But the colonists soon established productive farms and plantations; built towns, roads, churches, and schools; and began many small industries.
The American colonists also developed political practices and social beliefs that have had a major influence on the history of the United States. They made strides toward democratic government, and they placed a high value on individual freedom and on hard work.
The thirteen colonies In the early 's, the English king began granting charters for the purpose of establishing colonies in America. By the mid's, most of the settlements had been formed into 13 British colonies. Each colony had a governor and legislature, but each was under the ultimate control of the British government.
The 13 colonies stretched from what is now Maine in the north to Georgia in the south. Virginia and Maryland were among the earliest English colonies. Virginia began with the Jamestown settlement of The London Company, an organization of English merchants, sent the settlers to America, hoping that they would find gold and other treasures.
But the settlers found no treasures at Jamestown, and they faced great hardships. In aboutsome Jamestown colonists began growing tobacco, which the London Company sold in Europe.
Maryland was founded by the Calverts, a family of wealthy English Roman Catholics. Catholics were persecuted in England, and the Calverts wanted to provide a place where Catholics could enjoy freedom.
Colonists established the first Maryland settlement in Puritans, originally financed by English merchants, founded the New England Colonies. Puritans were English Protestants who faced persecution because of their opposition to the Church of England, the official church in England.
Ina group of Separatists Puritans who had separated from the Church of England and other colonists settled in New England. It was the second permanent British settlement in North America. Plymouth became part of Massachusetts Colony in Connecticut was first settled in and became a colony in Colonists settled in Rhode Island in Rhode Island became a colony in New Hampshire, first settled inbecame a colony in Soon after English settlement started, the Dutch founded New Netherland, a trading post and colony that included what are now New York and northern New Jersey.
They began a permanent settlement in New York inand in New Jersey in Inthe Swedes established a trading post and settlement called New Sweden in present-day Delaware and southern New Jersey.
The Dutch claimed New Sweden in Swedes established a small settlement in what is now Pennsylvania in InWilliam Penn of England received a charter that made him proprietor of Pennsylvania.
Penn was a Quaker--a religious group that was persecuted in many countries. At Penn's urging, Quakers and other settlers who sought freedom flocked to Pennsylvania. Penn carefully planned settlements in his colony, and Pennsylvania thrived.Religion in Colonial America: Trends, Regulations, and Beliefs.
the loss of traditional religious practices among the half-millions slaves brought to the mainland colonies between s and the American Revolution.
Learn about the struggles that religious groups faced in building places of worship in early American history, and consider. English, French, and Spanish Colonies: A Comparison reproduction, or transmittal is copyrig ht protected by the publisher. THE HISTORY OF COLONIAL NORTH AMERICA centers primarily around the struggle of England, France, and Spain to gain control of the continent.
Settlers crossed the Atlantic for different reasons, and their governments took. In contrast to other colonies, there was a meetinghouse in every New England town. 6 In Boston, a city with a population of , had eighteen churches.
7 In the previous century church attendance was inconsistent at best. After the s, with many more churches and clerical bodies emerging, religion in New England became more organized and attendance more uniformly enforced.
United States History Teacher Notes for the Georgia Standards of Excellence in Social Studies Georgia Department of Education Page 2 of SSUSH1 – Compare and Contrast the development of English settlement and colonization . SETTLEMENT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: THE COLONIES TO (OVERVIEW) In , Richard Hakluyt the elder assured English readers of his pamphlet, Inducements to the Liking of the Voyage Intended towards Virginia, that North America held the economic potential to form the basis of a great English commercial .
Which development was a significant result of this pattern of urban changes? race riots fueled by intolerance and continuing African-American migrations During the early s, the movement for prohibition pushed legislators to enact social change throughout the United States.